Name of institute (national language)
Name of institute (English language)Forensic Science Division (FSD)
DirectorMrs. Penelope Miniati
ENFSI’s permanent representative
AddressAntigonis st 2-6
Forensic Science Division (FSD) is the only State Forensic Service. It is one of the Special Services of the Hellenic Police Headquarters and provides its expertise in the field of scientific crime investigation to Greek Judicial and Law Enforcement Authorities.
LEGAL OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK
The legal framework which regulates its operation has changed since its foundation in view of the better fulfill of its mission and the new types of criminality.
1. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 342/1977
(Official Government Gazette, Issue A, No 109/18-4-1977)
2. LAW 1481/1984
(Official Government Gazette, Issue A, No 152/8-10-1984)
3. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 198/1992
(Official Government Gazette, Issue A, No 92/5-6-1992)
4. LAW 2800/2000
(Official Government Gazette, Issue A, No 41/29-2-2000)
5. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 14/2001
(Official Government Gazette, Issue A, No 12/31-1-2001)
6. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 223/2003
(Official Government Gazette, Issue A, No 188/22-7-2003)
7. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 9/2012
(Official Government Gazette, Issue A, No 12/01-02-2012)
The main duties of F.S.D. are:
a. Monitoring criminality, collection and classification of criminals’ photographs and fingerprints
b. Co-ordination of the regional forensic Services
c. Identification of criminals by using reliable scientific methods
d. Crime scene investigation, collection-evaluation and examination of marks and evidences by applying reliable scientific methods for testing or/and inspection.
e. Co-operation with Law Enforcement Authorities which are reliable for the prevention and suppression of crime
f. Professional training of Hellenic Police’s personnel in scientific methods of criminology depending on their jurisdiction.
FSD is consisted of ten different Departments and the Subdivision of Biological & Biochemical Examinations & Analyses.
The internal structure of the Subdivision of Biological & Biochemical Examinations & Analyses is presented in the following scheme.
The internal structure in each Department is presented in the following scheme: FSD Structure
The total number of employees of the F.S.D. is 416. The scientific staff consists of 191 scientists-examiners who all have a bachelor diploma and some of them also have additional academic degrees. Specifically, 27 scientists have also a PhD Diploma, 25 scientists have also a Master in Science Diploma and 29 scientists have also a second bachelor diploma.
All the examiners are trained in their field of expertise by their supervisors and by participating in international seminars before they have the right to sign alone a case report.
The examiners of FSD are either Police Officers who graduated from Police Academy or Greek citizens who were chosen according the national legislation for hiring employees in the public sector and who fulfill certain academic and non-academic criteria (e.g. they should not have been convicted for criminal offences, etc) set by the legal framework which regulates Division’s operation.
The accreditation of our laboratories proves the competence of our examiners in their field of expertise.
QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (QMS)
Forensic Science Division has been certified
1. under the terms of the ELOT EN ISO 9001:2008 Standard by Cyprus Certification Company since 30/07/2012
2. under the terms of the ELOT EN ISO 17020:2004 Standard by Hellenic Accreditation System S.A. to carry out, as a type C Inspection Body, inspections in the field of Handwriting, Digital Evidence Examination and Audio Examination
and accredited under the terms of the ELOT EN ISO 17025:2005 Standard by Hellenic Accreditation System S.A. to carry out certain tests in the field of Fingerprint Examination, Firearms and Tool Marks Examination, False Documents and Counterfeit Currency Examination, Chemical and Physical Examination and Biological/Biochemical Examination and Analyses
The first version of FSD’s Quality Management System was established on June 2012 and it was in compliance with the terms of ELOT EN ISO 9001:2008. Since then our QMS has been revised in order to be also in compliance with the terms of ELOT EN ISO / IEC 17020:2004 and ELOT EN ISO / IEC 17025:2005. As a result we have one QMS in compliance with three standards.
The QMS of FSD is structured as follows:
In the first version of the QMS there were only the first 16 procedures of the existing QMS fulfilling the requirements of the ELOT EN ISO 9001:2008 Standard. Afterwards, we revised the QMS by adding nine procedures which fulfilled the requirements of the rest two standards. Nowadays, FSD’s QMS has twenty five procedures. Standardized documents are provided in the majority of them for procedures correct establishment.
The twenty five procedures of the QMS are:
• Procedure 1: Documents’ Control Procedure
• Procedure 2: Managements’ Review Procedure
• Procedure 3: Internal Audits’ Procedure
• Procedure 4: Personnel’s Management Procedure
• Procedure 5: Personnel’s Training Procedure
• Procedure 6: Corrective & Preventive Actions’ Procedure
• Procedure 7: Customers’ Satisfaction Procedure
• Procedure 8: Objections’ Procedure (Objections made by customers)
• Procedure 9: Procedure for Methods’ Suitability
• Procedure 10: Procedure for purchasing supplies and services.
• Procedure 11: Data Analysis Procedure
• Procedure 12: Customers’ Requests Review Procedure
• Procedure 13: Procedure for the Management of Equipment
• Procedure 14: Procedure for the Control of Records
• Procedure 15: Procedure for the Receipt and Handling of Test and Control Items
• Procedure 16: Testing and Reporting Results Procedure
• Procedure 17: Procedure for the Impartiality of the Personnel and the Protection of Confidential Information
• Procedure 18: Procedure for the Determination of Personnel’s Competence
• Procedure 19: Procedure for Personnel’s Safety
• Procedure 20: Procedure for Subcontracting of Tests and Controls
• Procedure 21: Procedure for the Methods Validation and Assessment of Results Uncertainty
• Procedure 22: Procedure for Reagents’ and Solutions’ Management
• Procedure 23: Procedure for the Control of Environmental Conditions
• Procedure 24: Procedure for Sampling
• Procedure 25: Procedure for Tests’ Quality Control
The Quality Manager (Q.M.) of F.S.D. and his Deputy are chosen by the Director of F.S.D. They have defined responsibility and authority as described in their jobs’ descriptions for ensuring that the Q.M.S. is implemented and followed at all times in the eleven different Departments of the Division.
The implementation of the Q.M.S. in eleven Departments with different fields of expertise was a great challenge to overcome for the Q.M. The solution was the creation of an internal Working Group in which two experts of each Department would participate. This internal Working Group is called “Quality Team” and the two representatives-experts of each Department are the Quality Manager and the Deputy Quality Manager of each Department. They have the responsibilities of the Q.M. and his Deputy but in the frame of their Department.
Manager of F.S.D. :Mr Ploumis Emmanouil, Police Brigadier General
Quality Manager of F.S.D.: Mr Skartsis Nikolaos, Police Lieutenant Colonel
Documents’ and Currency Expert
Deputy Quality Manager of F.S.D: Mrs Kakogianni Maria, Police Captain
Documents’ and Currency Expert
The vast majority of the Members of the Quality Team are also internal auditors after successful attendance of certified courses held by the external advisor-companies which we hired during the establishment period of the Q.M.S. .